Laboratory of Nuclear Technology
Demokritus University of Thrace
Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering
(Responsible of the Laboratory)
Demokritus University of Thrace
School of Engineering
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Laboratory of Nuclear Technology
University Campus Kimmeria, 67100 Xanthi, GREECE
Tel: +302541079736, E-mail:email@example.com
DETAILED CURRICULUM VITAE
1. Present position
Associate Professor , Laboratory of Nuclear Technology , Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering , School of Engineering , 'Demokritus' University of Thrace
University of Surrey (U.K.), Ph. D. Applied Nuclear Sciences
University of Sunderland (U.K.), Master in Business Administration (MBA)
University of London (U.K.), B . Sc . Physics
3. Academic and Research positions
Associate Professor in Nuclear Technology at the Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering of Demokritus University of Thrace (Greece), while between 2004 and 2010 Assistant Professor. Since 11/2006 he has been responsible of the Nuclear Technology Laboratory.
Scientific Officer (research personnel) , European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU), Karlsruhe, Germany
Visiting Scientist . European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU), Karlsruhe, Germany
Postdoctoral Research Fellow , European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Environment Institute, Ispra (Va), Italy
Postdoctoral Research Fellow , Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, England
4. Other positions
Member of the Board of the Greek Atomic Energy Commission (2008-now),
Member of the Executive Committee of the organisation Fusion for Energy ( F4E) (2009-now),
Member of the 'European Nuclear Safety Regulators Group ENSREG - European High Level Group on Nuclear Safety and Waste Management ' ( European Commission) (2009-now),
Member of the 'Nuclear Standards Safety Committee - NUSSC' ( International Atomic Energy Agency) ' (2009- now),
External collaborator (1999 - 2004) of: National Centre for Scientific Research (NCSR) ' Demokritos', Athens, Greece on Technology Transfer, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry CRIEPI Japan on Nuclear Technology, ELOT on Quality Assurance,
Member of the Advisory Board , European Commission - JRC-Alumni Forum (2001-2002),
Scientific Advisory Committee , European Commission European Commission -JRC-ITU, Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU), Karlsruhe (1993-1996).
5. Research activities
- Emerging nuclear fuel cycles (high burnup fuel, recycling & transmutation as a nuclear waste management option , nuclear data and their validation ). R&D and management of multidiscipline contracts (20 part- and full-time staff involved; 2.3 Meuro budget):
'The SUPERFACT irradiation experiment for the Transmutation of Minor Actinides in the PHENIX fast reactor ', nuclear data, transmutation rates and radiation protection associated with the handling and fabrication of such material (JRC-ITU, CRIEPI, CEA, 1992-1998, 1.5 Meuro)
' Cross-sections determination of actinides and fission products in the fast reactor KNK ' (JRC-ITU, Belgonucleaire, SCK, 1996-1998, Share Cost Action DGXII, 0.120 Meuro)
Four annual contracts on ' Characterisation of PWR UOX and MOX spent nuclear fuel' (JRC-ITU, SIEMENS KWU, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry CRIEPI Japan, 1993-1997, 1.6 Meuro)
'Characterisation of BWR UOX spent nuclear fuel' (JRC-ITU, SIEMENS KWU, CRIEPI & NFI Japan, 1997-1998, 0.4 Meuro)
- Nuclear safeguards
Íuclear Safeguards ' Development of neutron monitoring for safeguards of spent nuclear fuel at the Pilot Conditioning Plant in Gorleben ' (JRC-ITU, EURATOM, GNS Gesellschaft fur Nuklear-Service Germany, 1991-1993, 0.2 Meuro)
'Neutron emission studies for PWR and BWR spent fuel for safeguards purposes ' (JRC-ITU, EURATOM, GNS Germany, 1994, 0.1 Meuro)
a 'Compact monitor for ã -spectroscopy of fission products and neutron counting from Cm in the proximity of a spent nuclear fuel in high background ' (patent)
'The use of CdTe/ CdZnTe to determine U, Pu, Am, in fresh nuclear material'
'Verification of burnup, cooling time and inventory of spent nuclear fuel using ã -spectroscopy & passive neutron counting inside a hot-cell'
methodology to determine the 'Provenance of nuclear material'
- Environmental radioactivity
Measurement of radon, Cs and naturally occurring isotopes in air, sea water and soil.
- Metrology of nuclear radiations
Software development for the characterization of the geometrical aspects in the measurement of nuclear radiations.
- Non-destructive testing using neutron/gamma radiography and tomography
Design of appropriate experimental setups. Development of appropriate techniques.
- Nuclear analytical techniques in biomedicine and industry
6 . Organisational activities
Responsible of Laboratory of Nuclear Technology , Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering , School of Engineering , 'Demokritus' University of Thrace (since December 2006)
Scientific responsible / management and researcher in 15 research programs financed by IAEA, European Commission, and industry . Collaborations with the International Organisations EURATOM Nuclear Safeguards Directorate Luxembourg , IAEA; the National Research Centres : ILL Grenoble êáé CEA Cadarache & Saclay (France), SCK Mol (Belgium), FZK Karlsruhe (Germany), ECN Petten (The Netherlands), Istituto Superiore di Sanita (Italy), NCSR ' Demokritos ' (Greece); the Universities Surrey and Imperial College Reactor Centre (UK), Bergamo , Verona and Pavia (Italy); the Nuclear Industry SIEMENS-KWU and GNS (Germany), Belgonucleaire (Belgium), CRIEPI and NFI (Japan)
Organiser and Scientific secretary in eight meetings of the 'International Working Group on 'Nuclear Targets and Fuels' (Strategies on the 'Transmutation as an Option in Nuclear Waste Management'). European Commission JRC-ITU.
Management of services (ISO 9001) of JRC-ITU to German and Japanese industries in ' Spent fuel characterisations and Nuclear Safeguards'
7 . Memberships in professional bodies
Member, European SAfeguards R esearch and Development Association (ESARDA): Working Group on ' Non-Destructive Assay of Nuclear Material' (1991- 1998).
Member, European Network on Quality of Radioactive Waste Packages (Non-Destructive Assay Techniques) (1993-1997).
Member of Technical Committees of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on 'Status of Partitioning and Transmutation', 'Safety and Environmental Aspects of Partitioning and Transmutation of Actinides and Fission Products' and 'Development of National Nuclear Forensics Libraries and International Directories'.
Referee of scientific articles submitted to Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Radiation Measurements Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A, Journal of Radiological Protection.
Reviewer/evaluator of research proposals and programs of GSRT , European Commission and Cyprus Foundation for Research Advancement.
J. Magill, HJ. Matzke, G. Nicolaou , P. Peerani and J. van Geel, ' A method for the destruction of plutonium by irradiation in LWR', US 5966418 (granted 12/10/1999), EP 0836740 (granted 2/2/2000 for AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE).
G. Nicolaou , K. Abbas and L. Koch, ' A monitor for the in-situ measurement of gamma radiation and neutrons emitted by a spent nuclear fuel assembly', US 6035010 (granted 7/3/2000), EP 0888621 (granted 15/10/1996 for AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, GB, GR, IE, IT, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE).
2. Articles in peer reviewed journals
A38. J. Fantidis , G . Nicolaou , N . F . Tsagas: Optimization study of a transportable neutron radiography unit based on a compact neutron generator. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 618 (2010) p. 331-335.
A35. J. Fantidis , G . Nicolaou , N . F . Tsagas: A transportable neutron radiography system based on a SbBe neutron source. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 606 ( 2009 ) p. 806-810.
A30. A. Sasahara, T. Matsumura, G. Nicolaou , Y. Kiyanagi: Chemical Isotopic Analysis of Fission Products in PWR-MOX Spent Fuels and Computational Evaluation Using JENDL, ENDF/B, JEF, and JEFF. Journal of Nuclear Sciences and Technology , 45 (2008), p. 390-401.
A29. A. Sasahara, T. Matsumura, G. Nicolaou , Y. Kiyanagi: Isotopic Analysis of Actinides and Fission Products in LWR High-Burnup UO 2 Spent Fuels and its Comparison with Nuclide Composition Calculated Using JENDL, ENDF/B, JEF and JEFF. Journal of Nuclear Sciences and Technology , 45 (2008), p. 313-327.
Á26. H . Florou, G. Trabidou, G. Nicolaou : An assessment of the external radiological impact in areas of Greece with elevated natural radioactivity, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 93 ( 2007), p. 74-83.
Á22. A. Sasahara, T. Matsumura, G. Nicolaou , D. Papaioannou: Neutron and gamma ray source evaluation of LWR high burn-up UO 2 and MOX spent fuels, Journal of Nuclear Sciences and Technology, 41 (2004), p. 448-456.
Á21. T. Matsumura, A. Sasahara, G. Nicolaou and D. Pellottiero: Neutron/Gamma ray source measurement and analyses of high burnup UO 2 /MOX fuel rods, Journal of Nuclear Sciences and Technology, Supplement 1 (2000), p. 580-583.
Á20. J.M. Barrero Moreno, M. Betti, G. Nicolaou : Determination of caesium and its isotopic composition in nuclear samples using Isotope Dilution-Ion Chromatography-Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry, Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 14 (1999) 875-879.
Á19. K. Abbas, J. Morel, M. Etcheverry, G. Nicolaou : Use of miniature CdZnTe X/ ã detector in nuclear safeguards: characterisation of spent nuclear fuel and uranium enrichment determination, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, A 405 (1998) 153-158.
Á17. J. Barrero Moreno, J. Garcia Alonso, P. Arbore, G. Nicolaou , L. Koch: Characterization of spent nuclear fuels by Ion Chromatography-Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry, Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 11 (1996) 929-935.
Á15. K. Abbas, G. Nicolaou , D. Pellotiero, P. Schwallbach and L. Koch: Gamma spectrometry of spent nuclear fuel using a miniature CdTe detector, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, A 376 (1996) 248-253.
Á13. J.I. Garcia Alonso, J. Garcia Serano, J.F. Babelot, J.C. Closset, G. Nicolaou , L. Koch: Laser Ablation ICP-MS on spent nuclear fuel. Applications of Plasma Source Mass Spectrometry II, eds. Holland G. and Eaton A.N., Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge (1993) p. 193-204.
Á12. E. Sabbioni, G. Nicolaou , R. Pietra, E. Beccaloni, E. Coni, A. Alimonti, S. Caroli: ICP-AES and neutron activation for the determination of trace element reference values in human lung tissues. Biological Trace Element Research, 26 (1990), p. 757-768.
Á11. C. Minoia, E. Sabbioni, P Apostoli, R. Pietra, L Pozzoli, M. Gallorini, G Nicolaou , L Alessio, E. Capodaglio: Trace element reference values in tissues from inhabitants of the European Community: I. A study of 46 elements in urine, blood and serum of Italian subjects. The Science of the Total Environment, 95 (1990), p. 89-105.
Á10. N.M. Spyrou, W. Altaf, B.S. Gill, C. Jeynes, G. Nicolaou , R. Pietra, E. Sabbioni, M. Surian: Fluorine concentrations in bone biopsy samples determined by proton induced gamma- ray emission and cyclic neutron activation. Biological Trace Element Research, 26 (1990), p. 161-168.
Á9. A. Alimonti, E. Coni, S. Caroli, E. Sabbioni, G. Nicolaou , R. Pietra: Critical comparison of performances of ICP-AES and neutron activation analysis for the determination of elements in human lungs. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 4 (1989) 577-580.
Á8. G. Nicolaou , R. Pietra, E. Sabbioni, R. Parr: Trace element analysis in enviromental and occupational health: box plot representation of elemental composition results. The Science of the Total Environment, 80 (1989) 164-174.
Á7. G. Nicolaou , R. Pietra, E. Sabbioni, G. Mosconi, G. Cassina, C. Seghizzi: Multielement determination of metals in biological specimens of hard metal workers: a study carried out by neutron activation analysis. Journal of Trace Elements and Electrolytes in Health and Disease, 1 (1987), p. 73-77.
Á5. N.M. Spyrou, K. Kusminarto, G. Nicolaou : 2-D Reconstruction of elemental distribution within a sample using capture prompt gamma-rays. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 112 (1987) 57-64.
Á4. G. Nicolaou , Y.S. Khrbish, N.M. Spyrou: The effect of solid angle on the reproducibility of an experimental setup in prompt gamma-ray neutron activation analysis. International Journal of Radiation, Applications and Instrumentation (Part A: Applied Radiation and Isotopes), 37 (1986) 1219-1224.
Á3. N.M. Spyrou, G. Nicolaou : Determination of 'in-vivo' cadmium and selenium concentrations in liver using neutron activation analysis. Nutrition Research Supplement I, (1985), p. 92-95.
Á2. G. Nicolaou , I.P. Matthews, L.G. Stephens-Newsham, N.M. Spyrou: The 'in-vivo' measurement of selenium in liver using a cyclic activation method. Journal of Radioanalytical Chemistry, 71 (1982), p. 519-532.
Á1. P.M. Kidd, G. Nicolaou , N.M. Spyrou: Elemental composition of human tibia using non-destructive and destructive techniques of analysis. Journal of Radioanalytical Chemistry , 71 (1982), p . 489-507.
3. Presentations in conferences
B30. K. P.Stergidis, G. Nikolaou : Technical and financial parameters of civil nuclear reactors . 5th National & International HSSS Conference "From Systemic Thinking to Systems Design and Systems Practice" , Xanthi, Greece, 24 - 27 June 2009.
Â29. J. Fantidis , G . Nicolaou , N . F . Tsagas: Localisation and distribution of radioactivity in soil : solid angle issue . International Conference on Environmental Radioactivity Measurements, IAEA, Vienna, 23-27 April 2007.
Â28. I. Seftelis, G. Nicolaou , N. F. Tsagas: Detection of possible clandestine activities through the monitoring of air radioactivity. International Conference on Environmental Radioactivity Measurements, IAEA, Vienna, 23-27 April 2007.
Â27. G. Nicolaou , N. Tsagas: Burnup Credit analysis on Spent Nuclear Fuel from the Transmutation of Minor Actinides, International Conference on Radioactive Materials Transport, Institute of Nuclear Engineering UK, Cambridge ( UK ) 27 - 29 September 2005.
Â26. G. Nicolaou , N. Tsagas: Multivariate Statistics in the Identification of Unknown Nuclear Material, International Conference on Isotopes i n Environmental Studies, IAEA, Monre - Carlo, 24-28 October 2004.
Â25. T. Matsumura, A. Sasahara, G. Nicolaou and D. Pellottiero: Neutron/Gamma ray source measurement and analyses of high burnup UO 2 /MOX fuel rods, 9 th International Conference on Radiation Shielding, Atomic Energy Society of Japan, Ibaraki, Japan, 17-22 October 1999.
Â24. T. Matsumura, A. Sasahara, M. Takei, T. Takekawa, K. Kagehira, G. Nicolaou , M. Betti: Analysis of burnup credit on spent fuel transport/ storage casks- estimation of reactivity bias-, Proceedings 12th International Conference on Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Materials (PATRAM 12), IAEA/COGEMA/USA DoE, Paris, 10-15 May 1998.
Â23. Á . Sasahara, T. Matsumura, G. Nicolaou , D. Bottomley, V. Rondinella, C.T. Walker: Post-Irradiation Examinations of MOX spent fuel for interim dry storage, Proceedings GLOBAL ' 97 International Conference on Future Nuclear Fuel Cycle Systems, OECD/NEA CEC IAEA, Yokohama, Japan, 5-10 October 1997.
Â22. L. Koch, JP.Glatz, G. Nicolaou : Demonstration of a closed P & T cycle, Proceedings GLOBAL ' 97 International Conference on Future Nuclear Fuel Cycle Systems, OECD/NEA CEC IAEA, Yokohama, Japan, 5-10 October 1997.
Â21. G. Nicolaou , K. Abbas, L. Koch: Use of miniature CdTe/ CdZnTe detectors for gamma spectroscopy on nuclear material, Proceedings 36th Institute of Nuclear Material Management INMM Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Arizone, 20- 24 July 1997.
Â20. K. Abbas, G. Nicolaou , L. Koch: Self-absorption of gamma radiation in spent nuclear fuel, Proceedings 19th Annual ESARDA Symposium on Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management, Montpellier, France, 13-15 May 1997, p. 437-439.
Â19. N.N. Papadopoulos, S. Synetos, K. Ochsenkuhn, G. Nicolaou and N.F. Tsagas: Short-time isotopic uranium analysis by neutron activation for nuclear safeguards, Proceedings 19th Annual ESARDA Symposium on Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management, Montpellier, France, 13-15 May 1997, p. 375-376.
Â18. Á . Sasahara, T. Matsumura, G. Nicolaou , JP. Glatz, E. Toscano and C. Walker: Post-irradiation experiments and computational analyses of a high burnup UOX fuel and MOX fuel for spent fuel dry storage, Proceedings 10th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference, Kobe, Japan, 20- 25 October 1996.
Â17. G. Nicolaou , K. Abbas, L. Koch: Simultaneous passive neutron interrogation and gamma spectroscopy on spent nuclear fuel, Transactions International Topical Meeting, TOPSEAL '96 on Nuclear Waste Management and Disposal, Stockholm, Sweden,, 21- 25 June 1996.
Â16. G. Nicolaou , JP. Glatz, R. Wellum and L. Koch: Experimental nuclear data in relation to irradiation experiments of minor actinide targets in fast reactors, Proceedings GLOBAL ' 95 International Conference on Evaluation of Emerging Nuclear Fuel Cycle Systems, OECD/NEA CEC IAEA, Versailles, France, 11-14 September 1995, p. 1655-1662.
Â15. G. Nicolaou , L. Koch: Characterisation of spent nuclear fuel by non-destructive assay, Proceedings 5th International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Remediation, ASME and DOE USA Berlin, Germany, 3-9 September 1995, p. 341-344.
Â14. N.N. Papadopoulos, G. Nicolaou , G.E. Hatzakis, A.C.Salevris, H.F. Tsagas: Optimised delayed fission neutron counting for improved non-destructive uranium assay, Proceedings 17th Annual ESARDA Symposium on Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management, Aachen, Germany, 9-11 May 1995.
Â13. J.K. Aaldijk, V.A. Wichers and G. Nicolaou : Non-destructive assay for safeguards purposes of fuels containing minor actinides, Proceedings 17th Annual ESARDA Symposium on Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management, Aachen, Germany, 9-11 May 1995.
Â12. G. Nicolaou , L. Koch: identification of nuclear material with unknown irradiation history: a case study, Proceedings 17th Annual ESARDA Symposium on Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management, Aachen, Germany, 9-11 May 1995.
Â11. G. Nicolaou , K. Abbas, L. Koch: The use od CdTe detector under dry conditions on spent nuclear fuel, Proceedings 17th Annual ESARDA Symposium on Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management, Aachen, Germany, 9-11 May 1995.
Â10. JP. Glatz, JF. Babelot, G. Nicolaou , L. Koch: Theoretically and experimentally derived criteria for partitioning and transmutation of radionuclides in existing reactors, Proceedings 3rd International Information Exchange Meeting on Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation, Cadarache, France, OECD/ NEA, 12-14 December 1994.
Â9. T. Matsumura, G. Nicolaou , M Miyahara: Experimental and computational analyses program for radiation source characterisation of MOX and high burnup UOX spent fuels, Proceedings International Symposium on Spent Fuel Storage, IAEA, Vienna, 10-14 October 1994.
Â8. G. Nicolaou , L. Koch: Radiation dose aspects of fuels used for the transmutation of minor actinides, Proceedings 35th Institute of Nuclear Material Management INMM Annual Meeting, Naples, Florida, 17- 20 July 1994.
Â7. J. van Geel, H. E. Schmidt, Hj. Matzke, G. Nicolaou , C. O'Carroll: European research and development work on the safety of the nuclear fuel cycle. Proceedings GLOBAL '93 International Conference and Technology Exposition on Future Nuclear Systems: Emerging Fuel Cycles and Waste Disposal Options, OECD/NEA CEC IAEA, p.541, Seattle, USA, 12th-17th Sept. 1993.
Â6. E. Leitner, R. Weh, G. Nicolaou : A passive neutron detector for nuclear material measurement in a pilot conditioning facility. Proceedings 15th Annual ESARDA Symposium on Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management, p. 319, Rome, 11th-13th May 1993.
Â5. G. Nicolaou , L. Koch: Radiation levels in the handling of minor actinide fuels. Proceedings of the Symposium on Waste Management, ANS/IAEA, Tucson, USA, 28 February- 4 March 1993, p. 1271 (1993).
Â4. J.I. Garcia Alonso, J. Garcia Serano, J.F. Babelot, J.C. Closset, G. Nicolaou , L. Koch: Laser Ablation ICP-MS on spent nuclear fuel. 3 rd Internationa Conference on Plasma Source Mass Spectrometry, Royal Society of Chemistry UK, Durham, UK, 13th-18th Sept. 1992.
Â3. L. Koch, C. Apostolidis, K. Mayer, G. Nicolaou , R. Wellum: How technically feasible is the partitioning and transmutation of long-lived radiotoxic nuclides in the waste from reprocessed spent nuclear fuel?. Proceedings Nuclear and Hazardous Waste Management International Topical Meeting, ANS, Knoxville, USA, September 30 - October 4 1990.
Â2. G. Nicolaou , N.M. Spyrou: Determination of 'in-vivo' cadmium and selenium concentrations in liver using neutron activation analysis. International Symposium on Health Effects and Interactions of Essential and Toxic Elements, Lund, Sweden, WHO, IAEA, 12th-15th June. 1983.
Â1. N.M. Spyrou, G. Nicolaou, C.A. Adesamni, P.M. Budd: Physical Methods of Analysis in the study of the composition of bone. Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 41 (1982) 207-209
4. Other publications
C6. S . Pilate , Th . Maldague , R , Jacqmin , Ch . Chabert , S . van Winckel , Ch . De Raedt , J . C . Kuijper , G . Nicolaou , A . Ventura : Nuclear Data for Advanced MOX Fuels , EUR -19126 (2000).
C5. G. Nicolaou . General issues of Minor Actinide recycling in 'Status Report on Actinide and Fission Product Transmutation Studies' IAEA-TECDOC-948 (1997) (Technical Committee to IAEA)
C4. J. Magill, Hj. Matzke, G. Nicolaou , P. Peerani and J. van Geel: A once through scheme for weapon grade Pu disposétion in LWR: proliferation and criticality aspects, Proceedings Meeting of the Technical Committee to IAEA on the Recycling of Plutonium and Uranium in Water Reactor Fuels, IAEA, Windmeer UK, 3-7 July 1995, p. 245-257 , IAEA-TECDOC-941 .
C3 . Proceedings of the Working Group Meeting on Targets and Fuels, CEC, JRC Karlsruhe, 29-30 June 1993, Editors G. Nicolaou and L. Koch , EUR-15774 EN (1994).
C 2. L. Koch, G. Nicolaou : Comparison of possible partitioning and transmutation schemes when added to the existing nuclear fuel cycles, Proceedings Meeting of the Technical Committee to IAEA on Safety and Environmental Aspects of Partitioning and Transmutation of Actinides and Fission Products, IAEA, Vienna, 29 November- 2 December 1993, p. 195-201, IAEA-TECDOC-783 .
C 1. G. Nicolaou , K. Richter, C. Prunier, L. Koch: Experience with fast reactor fuels containing minor actinides: transmutation Rates and radiation doses, Proceedings Meeting of the Technical Committee to IAEA on Safety and Environmental Aspects of Partitioning and Transmutation of Actinides and Fission Products, IAEA, Vienna, 29 November- 2 December 1993, p. 203-208, IAEA-TECDOC-783 .